What is the difference between Hemp oil and CBD oil?

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Hemp oil vs CBD oil

Since the approval of the first cannabidiol (CBD) medicine by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), consumers have become increasingly interested in the benefits of cannabis seeds and CBD oils.

Firstly, it is important to note that there is a lot of confusion about the names of these products. “Hemp oil” is another way people can label CBD oil. However, some people may refer to hemp seed oil only as hemp oil.

Hemp oil and CBD oil are very different products.

CBD oil is used in the production of stems, leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant. These contain a higher concentration of CBD, a compound with many potential health benefits.

Meanwhile, hemp oil comes from the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. The seeds do not contain CBD, but still have a rich profile of nutrients, fatty acids and useful bioactive compounds, which can also have health benefits.

A better understanding of cannabis oil and CBD oil can enable doctors and consumers alike to choose the safest and most suitable product.

Continue reading to learn more about the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil.

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Hemp oil

Hemp oil is obtained from the seeds of Cannabis sativa. It contains omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, gamma-linolenic acid and other nutritional antioxidants. It also has a high content of B vitamins and vitamin D.

People do not get high when using hemp oil because it contains no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and little or no CBD.

The use

Some nutritional supplements contain hemp oil due to high content of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, gamma-linolenic acid and nutrient antioxidants.

The use of hemp oil involves the production of clothing and fibers.

How does it work

Some people suggest that cannabis seed oils can help people maintain good cardiovascular health by improving:

  • total cholesterol
  • high density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • triglycerides

However, evidence of its effectiveness for these purposes are not clear.

Effects and benefits

When manufacturers add hemp oil to nutritional products, it provides an excellent source of nutrients. Is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and essential amino acids.

Hemp oil also has several possible benefits, including:

  • constipation relief
  • providing cardiovascular health benefits
  • modification of the immune system
  • improving the condition of the skin
  • improvement of gastrointestinal conditions

Some other possible benefits of hemp oil include:

  • anticancer effects
  • antioxidant effects
  • anti-aging effects

Hemp oil also contains other ingredients that can provide benefits to consumers.

How is it made?

Producers extract hemp oil from the seeds of the hemp plant.

As the oil comes from the seeds and not from the leaves, flowers or stems of the hemp plant, hemp oil does not contain THC.

Risks and side effects

Consumption of hemp oil is safe.

However, it may not provide any cardiovascular health benefits, as some people believe. Some consumers also report digestive problems, but these effects may not be felt in everyone.

Less than 0,3 % of dry hemp oil contains THC, so people probably do not feel excessive consumption when consuming it.

Learn more about the potential benefits of hemp seeds here.

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CBD oil

People can generally find three different types of CBD oils on the market:

  1. full spectrum CBD oil, which contains all compounds of the cannabis plant, including THC (but at a very low level)
  2. broad spectrum CBD oil, which contains several compounds but not THC
  3. CBD oil produced using a CBD isolate that contains only CBD

It is important to note that as these terms are not regulated, some manufacturers may use them interchangeably.

People should always check the Certificate of Analysis (COA) of CBD products. This testing is usually performed by a third party. Authentication is the only way to fully understand exactly what a CBD oil product contains.

The use

Some people use CBD oils for their alleged medicinal benefits.

For example, people can use CBD-derived products to:

  • epilepsy
  • pain and inflammation
  • anxiety and depression
  • dependency management
  • inflammatory conditions of the skin
  • neurodegenerative conditions

In addition to the antiepileptic effects of CBD, researchers still need to confirm other potential therapeutic benefits of CBD.

Because full-spectrum CBD oil contains THC, some people may use it for recreational purposes because it has psychoactive effects. Other effects of THC may include prevention of nausea and vomiting.

These oils may also contain minor amounts of other phytocannabinoids and terpenoids, which may have other effects that require further investigation.

Find out more about potential benefits of CBD oils here.

How CBD oil works

Researchers are still trying to determine how CBD affects the body, but suggest that it works in several ways, including:

  • endocannabinoid reuptake inhibition
  • activation of the transient receptor potential of vanilloid 1, which plays a role in pain regulation, and the g-55-associated receptor
  • increase in serotonin receptor activity
  • THC in full-spectrum CBD oil binds to the CB1 receptor in the endocannabinoid system and this is responsible for its psychoactive effects.

Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils may also contain terpene beta-caryophyllene, which may bind to CB2 receptors. Researchers are still investigating the function of CB2 receptors.

Effects and benefits

Several components of various CBD oils have specific effects.

CBD

  • antiepileptic
  • pain relief
  • anti – inflammatory
  • against anxiety
  • antidepressant
  • neuroprotective

THC

  • against nausea
  • anti – inflammatory
  • pain relief

Beta-caryophyllene

  • against anxiety
  • pain relief

Cannabigerol (CBG)

  • anti – inflammatory
  • neuroprotective

Cannabichromene (CBC)

  • to relieve pain

How is it made?

CBD oil comes from the flowers and leaves of the plant. With specialized extraction processes, such as Co2 extraction, manufacturers can obtain extracts rich in CBD and other components.

Risks and side effects

Research suggests that CBD products are safe and have limited side effects. Although information on the safety of various CBD oils is lacking, the researchers investigated the side effects of the individual components in CBD-derived products.

For example, no side effects were reported when participants took 300 milligrams (mg) of CBD daily for up to 6 months. The study also showed no side effects, when people took up to 1500 mg daily for one month.

Larger studies on the effects of Epidyolex, a CBD drug for people with epilepsy, have reported some side effects such as:

  • fatigue
  • reduced appetite
  • diarrhea
  • increased liver tests

Experts advise people who want to use CBD products to make sure they can trust their source. Improper labelling and manufacturing processes can expose people to contaminants or THC in CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD oil.

Today, the rules on product labelling in Slovakia and the EU are unclear. When choosing a suitable and safe product, experts recommend making sure that:

  • the manufacturers did not use solvents in the extraction
  • the product has been tested for pesticides and herbicides
  • the effectiveness in MG is clearly indicated on the label

People who want to use CBD oils or other CBD-derived products should first talk to a doctor or a qualified cannabis doctor, because CBD can interfere with some other medicines.

Find out more about the best CBD oils, which are available here.

Conclusion

Hemp oil and CBD oil come from the hemp plant. CBD oil comes from flowers, leaves and stems, while hemp oil uses an extract from the seeds of the hemp plant.

Products containing hemp seed and CBD oils do not usually cause a “high” condition because THC levels, if any, tend to be very low.

Both CBD oil and hemp seed oil have a number of potential health benefits, but as research is limited, scientists must continue to study them.